Malcolm X scholar Manning Marable dies at 60

NEW YORK – Manning Marable, an influential historian of the black experience in the United States and the author of a forthcoming biography of Malcolm X, died Friday in New York. He was 60.

His wife, Leith Mullings, said Marable died from complications of pneumonia at New York-Presbyterian Hospital in Manhattan. She said he had suffered for 24 years from sarcoidosis, an inflammatory lung disease, and had undergone a double lung transplant in July.

“I think his legacy is that he was both a scholar and an activist,” she said. “He believed that history could be used to inform the present and the future.”

She said Marable’s latest book, “Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention,” will be published Monday.

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